March 8, 2016
January 29, 2018


The way sociologists study social problems begins first with their view on how the world works. Based on a theory, a set of assumptions and propositions used for explanation, prediction, and understanding. Sociologists begin to define the relationship between society and individuals.

Society: The society is conceived to be the humanly created organization or system of interrelationships that connects individual in a common culture. All the products of human interaction, the experience of living with others around us.  Humans create their interactions, and once created the products of those interactions have the ability or power to act back upon humans to determine or constrain action. 
CASE STUDY: (Conflict between  Nomadic Fulani herdsmen and their host community which could result into religious crisis, inter-tribal crisis and death of both humans and animals).

The problem exists within the society which consists of both humans and institutions: Since the problem has been identified within the community, so, we need to understand their culture, values and language, and norms, and belief system. For effective communication, one needs to be fluent in the community language in order to get their maximum cooperation.

Since everyone in the society are not equal, therefore we need to identify the leadership structure ( e.g going to the traditional leaders and opinion leaders for legitimization).

We need to identify with the power structure that exists within the community, that is, the leader who happens to be the king of the community. We need to convince the leaders beyond doubt of the problem identified within the community, and the benefits both parties stand to gain at the end of the resolution. If permission is granted, other stakeholders should be involved so as to know their respective roles in development.

Identification of the social organizations such as the schools, churches, mosques, health centres, cattle rearers e.t.c. in order to familiarize ourselves with them, so that they can in-turn intimate other members and their family members (i.e awareness creation). This awareness creation is vital to arouse their interest in the resolution and development of the community.

Meeting with the various groups on the unanimously agreed date and time in order to enlighten the people of the community on the effect of conflict between the Fulani herdsmen and the host community on the socio-economic wellbeing of the people and that of their animals. This medium will help the stakeholders to ask relevant questions about the area of focus, and the mediator must be able to give them full details of the way forward. This will clear their doubts and thus, help the people in their evaluation process. The roles of each stakeholder will be specified because every status carries a cluster of expected behaviors; how a person in that status is expected to think, feel, as well as expectations about how they should be treated by others.  The cluster of expected duties and behaviors that has become fixed in a consistent and reiterated pattern of conduct.

Introduction of different agencies involved in the project such as the farmers associations, local government, state government, livestock management board e.t.c. to further convince the people in the implementation stage of the project. This can ultimately lead to the acceptance and peaceful co-existence. The mediator must empathize with the people, and be able to identify with them throughout this process.

To enhance sustainability and peaceful co-existence, the mediator must try to create a sense of oneness in the people by proposing an objective view of the different scenario to the government in order to formulate an effective policy that will give rise to a win-win conflict resolution for the present and future occurrences.


Article by:

Falode Oladayo.


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